A) Technical Reasons
I. Transmission, Sub-Transmission and Distribution lines
are very old the Conductors have become brittle and
cause more loss then is reasonable.
ii. With increase of load suitable augmentation of the
network could not be carried out due to resource
constraints resulting in increase technical loss.
iii. As of now the LT network is fairly extensive and the
ratio of HT to LT lines requires to be further improved
to bring down the technical loss.
B) Non-Technical Reasons
i. Meter reading, billing and collection being totally
manual and dependent on human activities which, to be
honest, has not been performed in a satisfactory manner.
There are substantial no. of meters installed at the
premises of the consumers which are either totally
non-functional or have become sluggish because of age.
ii The system of meter reading, billing and collection
is a major source of non-technical loss and commercial
loss.100% physical reading of meters is not ensured
leaving scope of incorrect billing.
iii. Unauthorized extraction of electricity by
unscrupulous people through direct tapping from the
distribution lines is a major problem for the State.
Loss on this account of theft of electricity gets
clubbed into the category of commercial loss.
C) T & D Loss Reduction Plan
i. In order to ensure and enforce a system of
accountable management the State Govt. has restructured
the state power sector through creation of TSECL as a
State owned Company. The State Govt. has also
constituted the State Electricity Regulatory Commission
for the purpose of laying the standards of service,
operation, efficiency and economic performance.
ii. With a view to reducing the technical and commercial
loss, collectively known as Aggregated Technical and
Commercial (AT&C) losses, the following actions were
initiated by the State Govt. and are being continued by
a) The entire transmission and distribution network
right from 132 KV upto 230 volt. requires to be
renovated with replacement of old and in-efficient
conductors , control devices transformer etc. The
network requires to be augmented so that it not only
meets the correct demand but also in good for the next
15 years. For this circle wise augmentation schemes have
been drawn up and work is being carried out in a phased
manner linking resources as may be obtained from the
Financial Institutions and Central/State Govt.
b) Under the APDRP launched by the Govt. of India the
strengthening of Sub-transmission and Distribution net
work has also been taken up in one District and similar
work is on the anvil in the rest of the State. Through
this scheme many more distribution transformers shall be
erected and 33/11 KV Sub-Stations installed for
providing a stable power supply to the consumers as also
to reduce line losses . Re-conductoring of 11 KV and the
medium voltage lines shall go a long way in reducing
losses and increasing load carrying capabilities.
D) 100% Metering of Feeders and Consumer Premises
Ministry of Power, Govt. of India sanctioned two schemes
at estimated cost Rs.27.5 crores which covers 100%
metering of trunk transmission lines , Sub-Transmission
lines upto 11 KV Feeders.
To remove the problem of faulty consumer meters,
readings and bills prepared on such readings,
computerized billing has firstly been introduced for
about 46,000 consumers in Agartala Town area. In this
area a consumers have access to information kiosk set up
at the collection centres to known details about their
electric bills and payments.
Computerised billing process shall be gradually extended
to the rest of the State in a phased manner.
100% metering of feeders and consumers together with
computerized billing shall certainly reduce the
commercial loss because energy accounting and audit
shall then be possible to identify the sources of the
loss so that the same can be plugged effectively.
E) Pilferage of Energy
The exact quantum of energy been pilfered/ extracted
unauthorisedly from medium voltage LT line is not yet
known. It is however felt that a substantial quantum of
energy is pilfered by miscreants/ anti-social elements.
In order to remove or at least reduce this menace the
following steps/actions were initiated by the State
Govt. and are being continued by TSECL.
In accordance with the provision of Electricity Act,
2003 as well as regulation of TERC, Department of Power,
Govt. of Tripura had authorize Manager, Senior Manager,
Deputy General Manager, Addl. General Manager, General
Manager (Finance) & Company Secretary of TSECL to
carryout the functions mentioned in clause (a) to (c) of
sub-section (2) of section 135 of the said act relating
to offence and penalties through notification No
.F.2(18)-Power/2005 dated 9th Sept, 2005. As per the
above delegated power, the officials of TSECL are
undertaking different activities like inspection of
consumer premises, search, seizure and removal of all
such devices etc. used for unauthorized use of
electricity to reduce the theft of electricity in the
Structured raids conducted by the officials of TSECL to
remove such unauthorized hooking, tapping etc. seize
such materials and lodge complaint with the concerned
Police station. At the same time spot connections are
being provided to willing persons on payment of
necessary charges so that they are brought down under
the legal consumer framework. Penal measures have also
been taken to act as a deterrent so that the tendency of
people to resort to illegal means is reduced. For the
purpose of enforcing raids as regular measures the Govt.
has placed one Deputy Superintendent of Police along
with some police personnel at the disposal of the
Corporation to assist the officials of TSECL in
conducting raids besides raids conducted by them. Such
operations have certainly shown good result and many
tappings and hookings have been removed and moneys
realized as penalty from erring persons. The
Departmental staff has also been warned of the
consequences they would face in the event of their
association with any such illegal activities. The
marginal reduction in drawal of energy in many of the
feeders bears testimony to the reduced drawal of power
by the illegal pilfers of energy. This exercise shall be
further pursued to bring ATC loss to an acceptable
level. Commercial loss needs to be substantially